What is Edge Computing?

What is Edge Computing?


Edge computing could also be a circulated computing model which conveys computer processing and storage nearer to things where it’s desirable.
It pushes applications, services, data, and computing power outside centralized points to locations closer to the customer.
Due to the change of taking a central, remote cloud organizes all the functions.
The information is monitored and added in storage nearby as on the IoT device or at the nearby network node.
In edge computing, the foremost computation is completed on distributed device nodes.
Edge computing doesn’t need contact with any centralized cloud, although it’s getting to interact with one.
Edge application services decrease the volumes of data that possesses to be relocated, the resulting traffic, and thus the space the data must travel. That delivers lower potential and reduces transmission costs.


Edge computing could also be a revolution in Industry 4.0.
The rise of IoT devices at the sting of the cloud network is producing an enormous amount of data to be computed at data centers, pushing network bandwidth requirements to the limit.
Data centers cannot take guarantee acceptable transfer rates and response times ~ which could be a critical requirement for several real-time applications instead of the advancement in network technology. 
Edge computing applications are like connected cars, autonomous cars, smart cities, Industry 4.0 industrial manufacturing applications.
Edge computing is that the new generation of industrial management techniques which are now a requirement for industrial manufacturing plants.
Next equipment coming from Siemens, ABB, GE, etc. is all designed & enabled for edge computing.
These edge devices would coordinate in real-time with data centers and update operating software, operating conditions on the equipment in real-time.
This can decrease manpower use and cut man-hours use by 50 %. it’ll also reduce breakdowns and improve equipment efficiency to a very high level.

Edge Devices and Field Gateways

A field gateway (edge) could also be a specialized device-appliance or general-purpose software that acts as a communication enabler and, potentially, as a neighborhood device system and device processing hub.
A field gateway may act local processing and control functions toward the devices; on the other side, it can filter or aggregate the device telemetry and thus reduce the number of data being transferred to the cloud backend.
Meanwhile in this context Gateways can assist in device provisioning, data filtering, batching and aggregation, buffering of data, protocol translation, and event rules processing.

The disadvantage of pure Cloud Computing when it involves IoT

Data security threats. 

The Data is constantly being transmitted back and forth between the cloud and a tool, and intrinsically, the danger of privacy violation is heightened.
Performance issues. IoT applications rely heavily on real-time actions. Yet, the processing speed of your cloud-based app often depends on the actual distance between the device itself and thus the server location.
Operational costs coincidentally grow because the quantity of data produced and shared increases.
On top of that, most data sourced to the cloud often bear no practical value and is not used.

How does edge computing work?

Every IoT sensor produces many data every second. The data is remaining transferred to the central, unified cloud database where it’s processed and stored within the case of cloud computing.
The central server shall send its reply back to the device upon receiving and analyzing the acquired data.
While the whole process typically takes but a second to end, there might be situations when the response could even be delayed or interrupted. this may happen because of a network glitch, weak internet connection, or simply because the data center is found too away from the device.
Now, just just in the case of edge computing, you don’t need to send the data acquired by the IoT sensors anywhere. The device near to network node (e.g. the router) is responsible for processing and should respond in a correct manner if action is required.
Edge Computing makes it possible that the IoT device isn’t any more enthusiastic about the online connection and should function as a standalone network node

Benefits for edge computing in IoT

  • Increased data security
  • Better app performance
  • Reduced operational costs
  • Improved business efficiency and reliability
  • Unlimited scalability
  • Reliability as edge computing systems provide actions to urge over a failure

Edge Computing Use Cases

Edge computing use cases industries are:

  • Travel, transportation, and logistics
  • Energy
  • Retail
  • Healthcare
  • Utilities
  • Efficiency

Thanks to the proximity of the analytical resources to the highest users, sophisticated analytical tools and AI tools can run on the sting of the system.
This placement at the sting helps to increase operational efficiency and contributes many advantages to the system.
The edge computing is additionally used as an intermediate stage between client devices and thus the broader internet results in efficiency savings which can be demonstrated within the subsequent example:
The client device needs computationally intensive processing on video files to be performed on external servers. By using servers located on a neighborhood edge network to perform those computations, the video files only need to be transmitted within the local network. Avoiding transmission over the online results in significant bandwidth savings and thus increases efficiency.

Edge Computing and 5G

Transporters are deploying 5G wireless technologies everywhere on the earth.
It ensures the benefits of high bandwidth and low latency for applications.
Many transporters are working edge-computing strategies into their 5G deployments so on supply faster real-time processing, especially for mobile devices, connected cars, and self-driving cars.
Researchers foretell the 5G are getting to be a catalyst for edge computing.
All the applications using 5G technologies will change traffic demand patterns, providing the most important driver for edge computing in mobile-cellular networks.
The 5G speeds would range from ~50 Mbit/s to over a gigabit/s. The fastest 5G is known as mmWave. there’s a dire need for on-demand compute and real-time application engagements which could play a task in driving the expansion of edge computing in 2020.
The advance of real-time applications that require local processing and storage capabilities will drive the technology forward over the approaching years.

Mansoor Ahmed is Chemical Engineer, web developer, a writer currently living in Pakistan. My interests range from technology to web development. I am also interested in programming, writing, and reading.
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