What is the Role of Augmented Reality in Industry 4.0?

What is the Role of Augmented Reality in Industry 4.0?

Augmented Reality (AR)

The shared knowledge of a real-world situation where the substances that exist are boosted by computer-generated perceptual information is called Augmented Reality (AR). The consumer is delivered with extra computer-generated information in Augmented Reality that improves their insight of reality. It was developed by Ivan Sutherland in 1968.

It realizes three basic types:

  1. The mixture of real and virtual worlds
  2. Real-time interaction
  3. Correct 3D registration of virtual and real objects.

The prime worth of augmented reality is the way in which components of the digital world compose into an individual’s perception of the real world. This is not possible simply showing data. It is only possible over the addition of immersive feelings, which seem like natural portions of a location. The portion of the adjoining environment in AR is really ‘real’ and impartial addition of covers of virtual objects to the real environment.

Technologies Used in AR

  1. Diffractive waveguides
  2. Reflective waveguides

Hardware components

  • Processor
  • Display (Monitors, optical projection systems, touched devices, and displays systems that are worn on the human body).
  • HMD (Head Mounted Display) is a display device that worn on the forehead. It may give customers of Augmented Reality with mobile and cooperative involvements.
    • HUD (Head-up Display) is a clear display that grants data without needful customers to look away from their usual viewpoints.
    • VRD (Virtual Retinal Display) is skimmed directly onto the retina of a viewer’s eye.
  • Sensors and input devices
  • Eyeglasses/smart glasses/Eye taps and contact lenses
  • Projectors, input devices, computers, Tracking, and networking.


There are numerous means of applications of augmented reality ranging from entertainment and gaming to medication, education, and commerce. Below are instances of outstanding applications of augmented reality.

Archeological research

The main application of AR is in the research work of archeology. It permits the archaeologists to articulate likely site shapes to after existing buildings. The virtual copies of remains, landscapes, and buildings have been used in archaeological AR applications.

Building projects

Augmented reality provides assistance to visualize the architecture work. Before the physical building construction, the virtual pictures of a building may be overlaid onto a real-life local view of stuff.

Designing & planning of Urban Development

The AR systems are getting used as cooperative tools for design and planning inside the constructed environment. It is used frequently to create augmented reality buildings; maps and data feed Design options are regularly voiced on-site and seem nearer to reality than old-style desktop devices like 2D maps and 3d models.


The application of AR in Education is very helpful for students’ real-time graphics and environment. AR technologies benefit beginners involve in true search within the world, and computer-generated objects. The students may contribute and intermingle with information more genuinely. The visualization of diverse systems of the physical body in three dimensions is easier for students due to augmented reality.

Industrial business

Augmented reality is working to standby paper handbooks with digital instructions. It results in machine maintenance being well-organized because it gives operators direct access to a machine’s maintenance history. The operator’s safety can be increased by digital instructions. It may enhance the feeling of safety in operators when working near high-load industrial machinery by giving operators additional information on a machine’s status and safety purposes.

Trade and commerce

AR is employed to mix print and video marketing. Printed marketing material is frequently designed with sure “activate” images. Old-styled print-only publications are using augmented reality to assign contrary types of media. It may increase product previews which permit customers to see what is inside a packaging without opening it. Augmented reality is also very useful in choosing products from a catalog or through a stall. It is becoming often useful for online advertising. Additionally, the furniture shops like Houzz, IKEA, and Wayfair are being employed by AR technology. The merchant’s bid apps let customers look at their products in their homes earlier buying anything.

Benefits of Augmented Reality

There are several benefits to using AR that may develop our business right now.

  • AR Continues the Store to the Customer: The companies like IKEA’s furniture are a unique experience to be able to place a virtual piece of furniture in our home and see what it would look like if it were actually there.
  • AR Assists Exclusive Chances for Immersive Reality.: Some business models, like WallaMe, are engaging people in a way that gets them out into the planet in search of AR experiences, in much an equivalent way that Pokemon GO did several years ago.
  • AR Delivers Children With New Levels of Collaborative Experiences.: European grocery and general retail brand Tesco partnered with Disney to bring Disney’s Frozen-branded products sold in Tesco stores to an entirely new level, enabling parents and their children to explore a Frozen-branded sticker book and take selfies of their kids with their favorite Frozen characters.
  • AR Suggests Safety Technology for Automobiles: Jaguar’s Virtual Windscreen uses head-up-display technology, along with software-enhanced effects to show the driver real-time data that is able to interact with physical things that may be seen through the windshield of the automobile.
  • AR Lets Staff Training Without Risk: The U.S. Army is using HoloLens technology for training. The Mercedes-Benz Global Training center in Stuttgart, Germany is by HoloLens to visually inspect the inside of cars as they work on them, using the transparency provided by AR to see details that would otherwise be hidden from view.

Improve the Industry 4.0 operations by Augmented Reality

Attainable Benefits

  • Approximately goodbye to loads of paper on the shop floor
  • Regulate events crossways the business
  • Train labors on the ground more proficiently
  • Time-saving and costs reducing

Normally mobile devices have more presentation restrictions related to dominant desktop or notebook computers. Thus preparing a 3D model for mobile A.R. needs a specific degree of optimization. Making AR content for end-users means handling a potentially substantial amount of numerous devices.

The current 3D modeling software allows the user to do sure operations which would create the model more suitable for Augmented Reality. Trimble SketchUp, Autodesk 3ds Max, Autodesk Maya, Blender, and similar software, are all pertinent options to realize the specified level of 3D models’ optimization.

How to prepare 3D models for Augmented Reality?

There are lots of optimizations a user may do to a 3D model to form it do better in real-time Augmented Reality applications. Generally, it’s sufficient to act on three areas of intervention to urge a suitable level of optimization.


This is dynamic to model our project professionally in our reference 3D modeling software. By efficiency we mean keeping the count of polygons as low as possible, avoiding modeling parts of the thing the user will never be ready to see and appreciate. If we’re counting on one among the various online 3D repositories, confirm to see if the model is optimized for real-time.


One more part of optimization concerns the way textures are managed. Attempt to use only one texture and bake the texture so as to enhance the graphic rendering, for instance just in case we would like to feature ambient blocking or static shadows on the model. Also assign a typical material (ambient, diffuse, specular colors and eventually a shininess/specular power value.


Once the model is prepared export it within the binary.FBX file format. It’ll include textures and animations if any. Nearly all the 3D modeling software provides a choice to export within the FBX format.

Mansoor Ahmed is Chemical Engineer, web developer, a writer currently living in Pakistan. My interests range from technology to web development. I am also interested in programming, writing, and reading.
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