What is Robotic Process Automation?

What is Robotic Process Automation?


Robotic Process Automation is one of the technologies among the industry 4.0 manufacturing technologies. It is a system of corporate process automation technology created on symbolic software robots or on artificial intelligence (AI). It should not be confused with robot software because occasionally we referred to it as software robotics.

A software developer produces a list of actions to automate a task in old-style workflow automation tools. He creates an interface to the back-end system. He has to use internal application programming interfaces (APIs) or dedicated scripting language for this purpose. Indifference, the Robotic process automation systems develop the action list by watching the user perform which task in the application’s (GUI) graphical user interface. After that, it performs the automation by restating individual tasks directly in the GUI. This may inferior the fence to use of automation in products that strength not then features APIs for this purpose.

RPA Tools

The Robotic Process Automation tools have strong technical resemblances to graphical user interface testing tools. These tools also mechanize interactions with the GUI. They frequently organize so by reiterating a set of demonstration actions performed by a user. These tools differ from systems in that they let data be controlled in and between multiple applications. RPA tool’s best example is receiving an email comprising an invoice, removing the data, and then typing that into a secretarial system. A company can configure the software by using RPA tools to capture and interpret applications.


The Robotic Process Automation facilities hosting correspondingly bring into line with the symbol of a software robot with each robotic example taking its own virtual workstation. The keyboard and mouse controls are being used to make movements and execute automation. Usually, all of these activities take place in a virtual environment. The robot does not require a physical screen to operate rather it takes the screen to show electronically. The scalability of modern solutions depends on the architecture.

The application of Robotic Process Automation in business initiatives has shown affected cost savings when compared to outdated non-RPA solutions. The actual deployment of Robotic Process Automation can be seen in the following sectors:

  • Finance and Banking Process Automation
  • Loan and Lending Process
  • Consumer Care Automation
  • eCommerce Retailing Operation
  • Application of OCR
  • Extraction of Process Data
  • Stable automation process

Impact on society​

Oxford University guesses that up to 35% of all jobs might be automated by 2035. There are geographic consequences to the trend in robotic automation. Digital robots may be a positive effect on society if we start with a robot with the understanding to assist every person. Sompo Japan and Aioi are Japanese insurance companies. In past massive disaster incidents, together of whom deployed bots to speed up the process of insurance pay-outs.

RPA Benefits

Robotic Process Automation delivers organizations with the ability to decrease staffing costs and human error. The greatest groups of processes adopting RPA have assured their employees that automation would not result in layoffs. The workers have been redeployed to do additional interesting work as described in Harvard Business Review.

Different studies show that knowledge workers embraced the RPA and viewed the robots as team-mates. The technology was deployed in such a way as to attain extra work and better productivity with the same number of people.

Bots are normally low-cost and easy to implement. They require no custom software or deep systems addition. Such features are crucial as organizations follow development without the addition of important expenses or friction among workers. By automating the low-value tasks the companies are trying to get some living room so that they can serve their business better. By introducing RPA with cognitive technologies the enterprises may also supercharge their automation efforts.

Robotic process automation 2.0​

This is mentioned as un-assisted RPA or RPAAI. It is the next generation of RPA connected technologies. Without offering a big budget for development work, the benefits of RPA make it easier for businesses to take advantage. Technological developments nearby artificial intelligence technologies are making it easier for businesses to take benefit of the welfares of RPA.

Hyper automation​

Hyper automation is considered the application of forward-thinking technologies. Forward-thinking like RPA, Artificial Intelligence, machine learning (ML), and Process Mining to supplement workers and automate processes. Those are significantly extra impactful than traditional automation capabilities. Hyper automation is the mixture of automation tools to deliver work.


The large organizations outsourced the back office clerical processes. Offshore companies are inclined to be simple and transactional in nature. They require little analysis or personal judgment. This would appear to make a perfect opening point for organizations to start to accept robotic automation for the back office. The Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) suppliers implement automation on their client’s behalf may well depend on a number of factors. However, equally a BPO source could seek to affect some method of client lock-in by means of automation. The worker can make it very difficult for the client to take a process back in the house of a new BPO provider. This result happens as the related cost savings made via automation would have to be reinstated to the business in order to at the same time as the technical solution is reimplemented in the new operational setting.

A robotized automation may be held in a data center in any jurisdiction. This has two major penalties for BPO providers. First, an independent government may not be legally able to outsource the processing of tax affairs and security administration. After the choices of onshore vs. offshore, this makes the honest new opportunity for a “third sourcing” option. The second penalty is that BPO providers have before moved outsourced operations to different political and geographic territories in response to varying salary rises.

Mansoor Ahmed is Chemical Engineer, web developer, a writer currently living in Pakistan. My interests range from technology to web development. I am also interested in programming, writing, and reading.
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