Cold storage preserves agricultural products. Keep cold storage helps in eradicating sprouting, decomposing, and bug damage. Edible products are generally not stored for quite one year. Numerous fresh products need a storage temperature as low as −25 °C.
Ammonia and Freon compressors are commonly utilized in cold storage warehouses to take care of the temperature. Ammonia refrigerant is cheaper, easily available, and features a high heat of transformation of evaporation, but it’s also highly toxic and may form an explosive when mixed with heating oil. Insulation is additionally important, to scale back the loss of cold and to stay different sections of the warehouse at different temperatures.
There are two main sorts of cooling systems utilized in cold storage warehouses: vapor absorption systems (VAS) and vapor-compression systems (VCS). VAS, although comparatively costlier to put in, is more economically operational.
The temperature necessary for preservation depends on the storage time required and therefore the sort of product. Generally, there are three groups of products, foods that are alive (e.g. fruits and vegetables), foods that are not any longer alive and are processed in some form (e.g. meat and fish products), and commodities that enjoy storage at controlled temperature (e.g. beer, tobacco).
Location is vital for the success of a chilly storage facility. It should be in close proximity to a growing area also as a market, be easily accessible for heavy vehicles, and have an uninterrupted power supply.
Plant attached cold storage is that the preferred option for a few manufacturers who want to stay their cold storage in-house. Products are often transported via conveyor straight from manufacturing to a fanatical cold storage facility on-site
Find the link https://youtu.be/s7qLNN1sNPg. This video shows Industry 4.0 in full deployment. This warehouse can be called the biggest fridge in Europe – it is 110,000 square feet and can keep food items stored up to minus 25 centigrade temperature. These videos were taken by drones & weatherproof long-range cameras over a time of ten months and condensed into 4 minutes.