Industry 4.0 – Edge Computing Technologies Using 5G Networks

Industry 4.0 – Edge Computing Technologies Using 5G Networks

Introduction

Edge computing is Industry 4.0 technology that brings computing & data storage closer to the end-users – to improve response times & save bandwidth. The increase of IoT devices & smartphones is producing a massive amount of data to be computed at data centers, putting a choking effect on network bandwidth. Despite huge improvements in network & Bandwidth technologies, data centers cannot give acceptable transfer rates & fast response times, which are critical requirements for many applications ~ including driverless cars, medical services, financial services, remote industrial plants operation, etc.

Description

The goal of edge computing technologies is to move computation away from data centers towards the edge of the network – by using 5G mobile telephone network stations & gateways ~ to perform tasks by using caching & buffering technologies.

The fastest data center cannot deliver data below 15 milliseconds whereas edge computing technologies can deliver critical data below 3 milliseconds.

5 G Performance

Speed

5G speeds would be in the range from ~50 Mbit/s to over a gigabit/s. The fastest 5G is understood as mmWave. The mmWave had a top speed of 1.8 Gbit/s on AT&T’s 5G network by way of July 3, 2019. The mid-band 5G as Sub-6 GHz 5G, far and away the leading common would typically deliver between 100 and 400 Mbit/s. Nonetheless, it will have a way farther reach than mmWave, especially outdoors. The Low-band spectrum offers the best range, thereby a greater coverage area for a given site, but is slower than the others.

5G NR (New Radio) speed in sub-6 GHz bands are often slightly above the 4G with an identical amount of spectrum and antenna as, although some 3GPP 5G networks are going to be slower than some advanced 4G networks, like T-Mobile’s LTE/LAA network, which achieves 500+ Mbit/s in Manhattan and Chicago. The 5G requirement permits License Assisted Access (LAA) also, but LAA in 5G has not up till now been established. Adding LAA to an existing 4G configuration can add many megabits per second to the speed, but this is often an extension of 4G, not a replacement part of the 5G standard.

The comparison in relations of throughput between 4G and 5G within the current bands is because 4G now approaches the Shannon limit on digital communication rates. 5G speeds within the less common millimeter wave spectrum, with its far more abundant bandwidth and shorter range, and hence greater frequency reusability, are often substantially higher.

Latency

The air latency in 5G tools shipping in 2019 is 8–12 milliseconds. The latency to the server must be extra to the “air latency” for several contrasts. Verizon news the latency on its 5G initial placement is 30 ms: Edge Servers on the brink of the towers may reduce latency to 10–20 ms; 1–4 ms are going to be tremendously occasional for years outer the lab. The 5G latency important performance indicators (KPI) are standardized by 3GPP in TR 28554

Error Rate

5G uses adaptive signal writing to stay the bit error rate low. If the error rate is just too high the transmitter will switch to a less error-prone coding mechanism. This sacrifices bandwidth to make sure a coffee error rate.

Range

The range of 5G depends on many factors. A key factor is that the frequency getting used.mmWave signals tend to possess a variety of only a few hundred meters whilst low band signals can, within the right circumstances, have a theoretical range of a few hundred kilometers.

Mansoor Ahmed is Chemical Engineer, web developer, a writer currently living in Pakistan. My interests range from technology to web development. I am also interested in programming, writing, and reading.
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