What is Ransomware

Ransomware Attacks and kinds


if you want to know What is Ransomware? Ransomware associates computer malware, encryption and anonymous payment systems. Malicious software expands via email spam or exploiting computer security holes; it encrypts the files on your Windows PC and any shared folders it can access, and a message pops up telling you to send Bitcoins to the hacker’s address (usually an address per victim) to urge the key to unlock your system before the deadline of a couple of days.Bitcoin is now the payment channel of choice, but ransomware existed for many years before Bitcoin.

What is Ransomware?

Ransomware may be a sort of malware (malicious software) employed by cyber criminals. If a computer or network has been infected with ransomware the ransomware blocks access to the system or encrypts its data. Cyber criminals demand ransom from their victims in exchange for releasing the info . So as to guard against ransomware infection a watchful eye and security software are recommended. Victims of malware attacks have three options after an infection: they will either pay the ransom, attempt to remove the malware or restart the device. Attack vectors frequently employed by extortion Trojans include the Remote Desktop Protocol, phishing emails, and software vulnerabilities. A ransomware attack can therefore target both individuals and corporations .

What is Ransomware

Types of Ransomware

Locker ransomware: This sort of malware blocks basic computer functions. For example, we‘ll be denied access to the desktop, while the mouse and keyboard are partially disabled. This enables us to still interact with the window containing the ransom demand so as to form the payment. Aside from that, the PC is inoperable. But there’s good news: Locker malware doesn’t usually target critical files; it generally just wants to lock us out. All destruction of our data is therefore unlikely.

Crypto ransomware: The aim of crypto ransomware is to encrypt our important data, like documents, pictures and videos, but to not interfere with basic computer functions. This extend panic because users may see their files but cannot access them. Crypto developers frequently add a countdown to their ransom demand: “If we do not pay the ransom by the deadline, all of our files are going to be deleted.” And thanks to the users who are unaware of the necessity for backups within the cloud or on external physical storage devices, crypto ransomware can have a devastating impact. Consequently, many victims pay the ransom simply to urge their files back.


The first extortion malware was the “AIDS Trojan” or “PC Cyborg Trojan” in 1989, which might hide within the AUTOEXEC.BAT file on a DOS PC and, the ninetieth time it had been run, encrypt all filenames on the disk and demand us send $189 to a post office box up Panama. Later payment schemes included e-Gold or Liberty Reserve, premium rate SMS messages or international phone calls, or buying particular medicines on a specific website. The 2011 “police virus” pretended to be from the local police and demanded payment by mastercard . The 2013 “FBI MoneyPak” ransomware demanded payment via online money transfer services MoneyPak or Ukash. Crypto Locker, the primary ransomware showed up in September 2013. It had been greatly successful, taking about $3 million, and spawned many imitators. Security professionals I spoke to mention that the rationale for the explosion in ransomware from about 2015 on isn’t Bitcoin,but the ready availability of ransomware builders in malware kits from the hacker underground since that point – in order that any script-kiddie can use a kit to form their own ransomware.

The best-known ransomware lately is perhaps WannaCry. The WannaCry attack of 12 May 2017 knocked out several NHS hospitals within the UK and corporations round the world. It used a Microsoft Windows liability that had been fixed in March. But, several organizations had not updated their Windows installations. Some victims have tremendous difficulty obtaining the bitcoins to pay the ransom – most exchanges have strong biometric identification requirements, and sometimes the delay before allowing trades is longer than the ransomware’s deadline. to not mention the frequent delays getting Bitcoin transactions through in the least . Bitcoins are so hard for normal people to use that from CryptoLocker on,ransomware operators are known to supply technical support to victims, in order that they can compute the way to pay them and unlock their files. \

I hope now your concept related to Ransomware is clear and you can make answer of What is Ransomware.

Mansoor Ahmed is Chemical Engineer, web developer, a writer currently living in Pakistan. My interests range from technology to web development. I am also interested in programming, writing, and reading.
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