Deploy Smart Contracts Using Hardhat

Introduction

Smart contracts are just programs kept on a blockchain. That runs when preset conditions are met. They normally are used to automate the performance of an agreement. Therefore, that all participants may be directly sure of the outcome, deprived of any mediator’s participation or time loss.

Hardhat plugin enhances a mechanism to deploy contracts to any network. It makes available an environment to compile, test and deploy Solidity smart contracts. In this post, we will understand that how to deploy a smart contract with Hardhat.

Description

Hardhat as well improves a mechanism to associate names to addresses. Therefore, test and deployment scripts may be reconfigured by merely shifting the address a name points to, permitting different configurations per network. This also consequences in much clearer tests and deployment scripts.

Main features

  • Hardhats trust ethers.js, the 2nd generation Ethereum JavaScript API library.
  • It mixes well with TypeScript — a second-generation JavaScript.
  • It brings a better debugging ability with console.log functionality in Solidity code.
  • Deterministic deployment through networks.
  • Ability to access deployment from mate networks.
  • Introducing products from external sources like npm packages, with truffle help.
  • Chain configuration export.
  • Listing deployed contracts’ addresses and their abis.
  • Library linking at time of deployment.

Set-Up

Make ready the project and install Hardhat as a dependency.

$ npm init --yes

$ npm install --save-dev hardhat

After installation, we may run npx hardhat. This will make a Hardhat config file (hardhat.config.js) in the project directory.

$ npx hardhat

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Welcome to Hardhat v2.2.1

✔ What do you want to do? · Create an empty hardhat.config.js

Config file created
/ contracts/Box.sol

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract Box {

    uint256 private _value;

    // Emitted when the stored value changes

    event ValueChanged(uint256 value);

    // Stores a new value in the contract

    function store(uint256 value) public {

        _value = value;

        emit ValueChanged(value);

    }

    // Reads the last stored value

    function retrieve() public view returns (uint256) {

        return _value;

    }

}

We now will generate a script to deploy our Box contract. We would save this file as scripts or deploy.js.

// scripts/deploy.js

async function main () {

  // We receive the contract to deploy

  const Box = await ethers.getContractFactory('Box');

  console.log('Deploying Box...');

  const box = await Box.deploy();

  await box.deployed();

  console.log('Box deployed to:', box.address);

}

main()

  .then(() => process.exit(0))

  .catch(error => {

    console.error(error);

    process.exit(1);

  });

Now, install ethers in the script by using the below command.

$ npm install --save-dev @nomiclabs/hardhat-ethers ethers

Then, we need to add in the configuration.

/ hardhat.config.js

require('@nomiclabs/hardhat-ethers');

...

module.exports = {

...

};

We can deploy the Box contract to the local network (Hardhat Network) by using the run command:

$ npx hardhat run --network localhost scripts/deploy.js

Deploying Box...

Box deployed to: 0x5FbDB2315678afecb367f032d93F642f64180aa3

Contract

/SPDX-License-Identifier: Unlicense

pragma solidity 0.8.3;

import "@openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/ERC20.sol";

contract _ERC20 is ERC20 {

    constructor (string memory _name, string memory _symbol) ERC20(_name, _symbol) {}

}

Script Deployment

  • We will control the hardhat-deploy plugin to deploy the contracts.
  • It permits us to perform and track deployments, besides a range of features.
  • The first deployment script, located in the deploy folder, would be the following:

The deployer constant remains the namedAccounts feature in action. It enables us to associate custom names to addresses based on their index in the accounts array of the given network in hardhat.config.js

In our example, therefore, setting deployer to zero permits us to access the private key using const { deployer } = await getNamedAccounts().

Otherwise, the args must be in the order expected by the smart contract, and tags can be used to identify or group contracts for deployment.

Deployment

We can compile our contract with the following command:

$ npx hardhat deploy --network kovan --tags ERC20