Neural Turing Machine


A Neural Turing Machine is a comprehensive Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) model. It works with a working memory that provides it inspiring learning abilities. This is an Important Method to Access Memory in Deep Learning. It similarly relates by a memory matrix with careful read and writes operations. A Neural Turing Machine links a neural network architecture with outside memory resources. In this article, we will understand the architecture of a Neural Turing Machine in detail.


The architecture of a Neural Turing Machine (NTM) comprised two fundamental components:

  • A neural network controller
  • A memory bank.

Neural Turing Machine

The above figure shows a high-level diagram of the Neural Turing Machine architecture. The controller works together with the external world through input and output vectors similar to most neural networks. It likewise interacts with a memory matrix using careful read and writes operations different from a standard network. We mention the network outputs that parameterize these operations as heads with an analogy to the Turing machine.

Each section of the architecture is differentiable. This is attained by defining unclear read and write operations. Those work together to a better or reduced degree with all the elements in memory. The degree of vagueness is determined by an attentional emphasis mechanism.

That mechanism obliges each read and writes operation to interact with a small portion of the memory. The Neural Turing Machine is prejudiced towards storing data without interference. The memory location got into attentional emphasis is resolute by particular outputs emitted by the heads.

These outputs describe a regularized weighting over the rows in the memory matrix. Every weighting, one per read or write head, states the degree to which the head reads or writes at every location. A head may in that way join sharply to the memory. It connects at a single location or weakly to the memory at various locations.

Working memory

This is short-term memory storage and rule-based operation. Furthermore, known as quickly created variables. Observational neuroscience consequences in the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia of monkeys.

Neural Turing Machine

Application and Performance

The Neural Turing Machines can learn simple algorithms. They may generalize, and do well at language modeling. They can copy, repeat and recognize simple formal languages. However, the short of it is that they may learn simple algorithms.

A study taking input and copying it. This looks really normal, then this is really too somewhat. That’s very tough for a current neural network to do as doing it necessarily requires learning an algorithm. Neural Turing Machines can receive input and output. They can learn algorithms that map from one to the other. This really is relatively sensational as it means in essence trying to replace a programmer.

We’re not there up till now, then they’re truly cool. This means that when they have learned that algorithm, they may take a given input. They can infer based on that algorithm to any variable output. Well, understand in a second why that’s cool. They’re similarly very good at language modeling.