Internet of Things is changing our lives intensively in this ongoing Fourth Industrial Revolution. The Internet of Things may comprise very nearly anything like smartphones, heart monitors, livestock trackers. Even the jet engine of an airplane. IoT devices will have an important impact on several aspects of our lives. Those include how we live, drive, and farm animals and crops.
IoT-enabled devices and sensors are supporting us reduce air pollution in some of our world’s biggest cities along with advanced data analytics. Similarly, it improves agriculture and our food supply and even detects and contains deadly viruses. In this article, we will go through that how the internet of things is potentially changing our lives.
Cities are the greatest contributors to climate variation. Some cities are already feeling its impact with growing sea levels and increasingly severe weather events. Though, the cities are similarly great incubators for IoT-based systems. Those systems make urban life more attractive. For example rapid, easier transportation systems, protected street lighting, and energy-efficient buildings.
There would be a higher demand for water and energy as more and more people move into cities worldwide. Also, there will be higher demand an increased potential for disease outbreaks, pollution, traffic congestion, and crime. Currently, most of the developed world requires to deal with an aging demographic. The government may build a 3D virtual representation of the city to perform a more in-depth analysis of the everyday challenges that the city faces by installing sensors in every building and road.
IoT technology may support a variety of those challenges comprising;
- Regulating lighting
- Energy conservation
- Improving fire prevention or detection
- Tracking alternative transportation methods.
Smart cities are similarly more sustainable by managing water use and decreasing electricity use and heat production that lower greenhouse emissions by up to 15 percent.
There are components available that may ease our everyday lives while we’re not quite in a place where smart homes are affordable for everyone. Smart appliances, as refrigerators and washing machines can text us when we’re low on milk or tell us when our clothes are dry. And a smart building that organizes systems such as heating and cooling or window shades may help conserve energy and save money.
Growers all over the world are using the Internet of Things to decrease their consumption of water and fertilizers. They try to cut waste and enhance the quality or yield of their products. Examples;
- Tracking microclimates around cropland
- Continuous monitoring of temperature changes and humidity levels.
- Perishable goods are transferred from field to warehouse to keep in order to extend their shelf life and eliminate waste.
The farming of crops would be dangerously affected by two factors. Climate variation is increasing the frequency and severity of droughts. That allows harmful insects to thrive. The retirement of the baby boomer generation of farmers and an insufficient number of replacement workers would leave farms short-handed. Farmers may decrease waste in water and fertilizer by identifying the best time to irrigate, fertilize or harvest. Big Data can similarly deliver localized weather forecasts that are based on past weather patterns. That will be very helpful for farmers to make better decisions.
- Supporting doctors gain faster access to patients’ data.
- Wearable, Internet-connected sensor devices.
- That track accurately a patient’s heart rate, pulse, or even blood pressure.
- Wearables are the most important IoT applications in healthcare.
IoT technology is likewise helping doctors and other medical professionals monitor the wellbeing of patients who live independently. Sensors, and robotic assistants, may alert caretakers if patients forget to take their medicine or do not leave their bedroom by a set time. Scientists have even designed wearable blood sugar monitors to help people with diabetes.
Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) and Autonomous Electric Vehicles (AEVs) can help decrease traffic congestion importantly with real-time traffic management. Thus decreasing human errors in driving. Furthermore, CAVs may deliver more mobility to elderly and disabled persons. At the same time, it will be helpful for cutting carbon emissions.
When every building and device becomes associated, adding connected driverless cars on top of the infrastructure is not only feasible but also sensible. The system design of CAVs and AEVs would comprise field-level intelligent infrastructures. For example, roadside units, LiDAR, and RADAR sensors. The weather-proof field sensors would collect data on pedestrians and cyclists. And roadside units manage the near-real-time exchange of information between vehicles and the infrastructure. Backend software will;
- Control micro-services
- Integrate the CAVs in the cloud
- Machine learning analytics would identify potential risks
- Alert cars same as pedestrians and cyclists
- Make the best traffic conditions by managing passenger demand via cloud-based micro-services.
This way, CAVs, and AEVs would enhance traffic safety, deliver mobility to a larger population, and at the same time reduce emissions.